Modern technological and internet inventions have played a major role in the transformation of modern society. One of the major inventions which have transformed modern society is the Creative Commons (CC) License. The Creative Commons (CC) License has given the modem society the liberty to share materials, through the process of enabling free distribution of the work which has been cerate by other people. Through the use of the Creative Commons (CC) License, members of the society have been given the chance to share, use, or even build their content using the work of another author.
a) Genesis Of The Creative Commons (CC) license Innovation
The Creative Commons (CC) license is a creation of the Creative Commons, which is a non-profit organization located in the US. The company released a Creative Commons (CC) license on December 16, 2002 (Lin et al., 2006). The Creative Commons CC BY, CC BY-SA, and CC0 licenses were approved in October 2014 by the Open Knowledge Foundation. The Creative Commons (CC) license has been part of historical trends in communications media and information management since it has transformed the way people have viewed authored content, while also providing an avenue for media growth.
The founders of the Creative Commons (CC) license discovered that there was a great mismatch between the technology and restrictions which were put across by the copyright, thereby; restricting how people related and also how they conducted their activities. The Creative Commons (CC) license was introduced as a way of providing an alternative method of ensuring that creators who ah the urge to share their work were free to do so, without any negative legal implications (Liu et al., 2014). As a result, the Creative Commons (CC) license has been adopted by many people n the society, especially creators, who have used it as a means of sharing their work with other r people. The use of the Creative Commons (CC) license has changed the way copyrights have been sued in modern society, especially through the process of sharing created content among people. Through the use of the Creative Commons (CC) license, people have been able to share content in books, research articles, art, music, and even academic research.
Figure 1: What are Creative Commons licenses? (n.d.). WUR. https://www.wur.nl/en/article/What-are-Creative-Commons-licenses.htm
However, with the introduction and the continued evolution of the internet and technology, people have had higher chances of accessing data and information, share it, and also collaborate with others to grow certain contents within the society. The Creative Commons (CC) license, therefore, came in handy, challenging the powers held by the copyright companies, in restricting people from sharing content with other people (Buckingham, 2015). Although people ha access to information, the process of sharing data with others was restricted by the presence of copyrights, which limited the digital technology sharing capabilities (Simmonds, 2010). The Creative Commons (CC) license, has, therefore, contributed positively to the changes in modern society, and the media management processes.
b) Political, Economic And Social Beneficiaries Of The Invention
Many parties have benefitted from the transformative effects of the Creative Commons (CC) license in a political-economic and social sense. One of the groups that have benefitted from the Creative Commons (CC) license is the content creators. Through the use of the Creative Commons (CC) license, the content creators have been able to ease the tension which existed between the process of sharing their content with the media community across the world, and the existing copyright regulation (Green, 2017).
Figure 2: Creative Commons. (n.d.). BMCC Open Educational Resources – BMCC Open Educational Resources. https://oer.bmcc.cuny.edu/oer-resources/creative-commons/
The content creators had initially been restricted from sharing their creation with their followers across the world, while technology had been adopted by many people, focusing more on the consumption of content from the online platforms. The Creative Commons (CC) license, therefore, enables the content creators to share their creations with their followers across the world without any worry of being legally indicted, especially after the 1998 enactment of the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) (Forsythe & Kemp, 2008). The act sought to extend the existing term of copyright for every work in the United States for an extra 20 years, therefore, rising the time for any content to life of the creator and an extra 70 years. Other groups of people that benefitted from the Creative Commons (CC) license are the modern online content creators, who use other people’s work to create their own and distribute, create awareness and also enhance social life.
Figure 3: Anatomy of a Creative Commons license. (2019, February 10). Hi, I’m Jörg. – My digital concourse of different topics. https://jorg.pareigis.se/2/2019/02/10/anatomy-of-a-creative-commons-license/
Economically, content creators have benefited from sharing and the creation of content, while the innovation has enhanced the social welfare of many people, through the creation of content and the sharing of materials and information (Kapitzke et al., 2011). The innovation has also created changes in the political platforms across the world, by educating people on government agenda, policies, and plans. The public also benefitted from the introduction of the Creative Commons (CC) license, since they were given the chance to share content, with the lifting of the copyright regulations, which minimized the ways people could share content. However, some parties did not benefit from the introduction of the Creative Commons (CC) license. One of the greatest losers after the introduction of the Creative Commons (CC) license was the companies that were running the copyright regulations across the world. The companies lost a lot of money, which they used to get from content creators (Fitzgerald et al., 2007). The second group of losers was the government, which used to generate a lot of revenue from the copyright companies.
c) Impacts Of The Innovation On My Studies And Its Problems
There are many ways through which the introduction of the Creative Commons (CC) license has affected my studies, positively and negatively. The creation has enabled me to conduct online studies and research effectively, efficiently, and within the shortest time possible. Through the Creative Commons (CC) license, I have been able to access a wide range of academic materials, which has made it possible for me to conduct my studies without challenges (Kirillova et al., 2014). The invention has also enabled me to benefit academically since I can receive materials from friends, classmates, and the school since there are no limits which are placed on the materials share between different parties ( Maracke, 2010). I have also been able to share my creative academic work, research projects, and art since I do not get the copyright restrictions.
Figure 4: Creative Commons. (2019, December 24). Support — WordPress.com. https://wordpress.com/support/creative-commons/
The Creative Commons (CC) license innovations have also enhanced my academic creativity since I can create media content, and also review other people’s work, share with friends and family without any legal issues regarding the copyright process. I am also able to copy and redistribute the work of other people in any medium and any format without any fear of legal actions. I am also able to remix, transform, and also build my content based on other people’s work without any problem (Katz, 2005).
Figure 5: Copyright & Creative Commons licenses. (n.d.). City Tech OpenLab. https://openlab.citytech.cuny.edu/teachwithoers/what-are-creative-commons-licenses/
There are, however, some major problems that I encounter in the utilization of the Creative Commons (CC) license as a way of enhancing academic excellence. Some of the major challenges that I face include; the lack of Legal Protection especially for the content that I create since the Creative Commons licenses offer no legal significance beyond the license provided. The other major challenge that I face when using the Creative Commons (CC) license is that the license is not revokable, therefore, making it not possible for me to change my mind regarding the content that I create. The Creative Commons (CC) license is also not simple since each of the Creative Commons (CC) license pages has a long legal language attached, making it hard for me to understand it all.
In conclusion, the use of the Creative Commons (CC) license has been an effective method of ensuring that individuals can share content form, one person, to the other without any challenges. There are many ways through which the Creative Commons (CC) license has helped people economically, socially, and also politically. The license has ensured that people can grow financially, especially those that create online content, and those that share the same across numerous platforms. The Creative Commons (CC) license has opened the doors for innovation and creativity in the societies, with people, especially the content creators. Socially, the Creative Commons (CC) license has transformed the way people have share information with each other, by opening the doors for interaction and people to share information by eliminating all the existing barriers created by the copyrights. I have benefited from the Creative Commons (CC) license since it has given me the platform to be innovative and also create my content, conduct research, and obtain information freely. There are, however, some challenges associated with the Creative Commons (CC) license, such as; its complexity, the lack of validity, rigidity of the platform, and also issues of arbitration and lack of adequate support.
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Fitzgerald, B. F., Coates, J. M., & Lewis, S. M. (2007). Open content licensing: Cultivating creative commons. Sydney University Press.
Forsythe, L. M., & Kemp, D. J. (2008). Creative commons: for the common good. U. La Verne L. Rev., 30, 346.
Green, C. (2017). Open licensing and open education licensing policy. Open The philosophy and practices that are revolutionizing education and science, 29-41.
Kapitzke, C., Dezuanni, M., & Iyer, R. (2011). Copyrights and Creative Commons licensing: Pedagogical innovation in a higher education media literacy classroom. E-Learning and Digital Media, 8(3), 271-282.
Katz, Z. (2005). Pitfalls of open licensing: an analysis of creative commons licensing. Idea, 46, 391.
Kirillova, Y. A., Vailjeva, M. V., & Krohina, Y. A. (2014). Legal protection of copyright items inheritance on the internet utilizing a creative commons license. Rev. Eur. Stud., 6, 232.
Lin, Y. H., Ko, T. M., Chuang, T. R., & Lin, K. J. (2006). Open source licenses and the framework of the creative common: License selection and comparison. Journal of information science and engineering, 22(1), 1-17.
Liu, C. C., Lin, C. C., Chang, C. Y., & Chao, P. Y. (2014). Knowledge sharing among university students facilitated with a creative commons licensing mechanism: a case study in a programming course. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 17(3), 154-167.
Maracke, C. (2010). Creative Commons International: The international license porting project-Origins, experiences, and challenges. J. Intell. Prop. Info. Tech. & Elec. Com. L., 1, 4.
Simmonds, T. (2010). Common knowledge? The rise of creative commons licensing. Legal Information Management, 10(3), 162-165.