Biometric identification, as an important information identification technology today, has been widely adopted in daily life and military affairs around the world. China is one of the countries with the most extensive application of biometric identification technology in the world. Taking facial recognition and fingerprint recognition for examples, in China, facial recognition has been applied in daily life, such as facial payment and facial recognition for ATM deposit and withdrawal. The government also use both facial identification and fingerprinting to catch criminals. Although biometric identification technology has brought convenience to all aspects of human life, this regulatory policy should not fully apply to Australia at this stage. For the perspective of historical background, Australia is a diversified immigrant country, and its ethnic composition is much more complicated than that of China. Considering that facial recognition technology is not accurate enough to identify individual people of colour, it is not suitable for use in everyday life in Australia until the technology is fully improved. Moreover, in terms of national conditions, China’s national policy is different from Australia’s, and the same regulatory measures may not have the same effect. Finally, there is the issue of personal privacy. Without strong government regulatory policies, the application of biometric technology in real life may lead to a large number of personal privacy leakage, with unpredictable consequences.
– Biometric Identification
In terms of biometric identification, it means According to the inherent physical and behavioural characteristics of the human body, including fingerprints and faces, as well as handwriting and voice; Combine modern technology with biometrics to identify individuals. Biometrics are more secure than simple password recognition, given that some of our biological characteristics are unique and immutable; but at the same time, it also has the higher development difficulty and the existence privacy leakage problem. The technology is now used around the world in various fields, including fingerprint identification for access control and face, fingerprint and DNA identification for prisoners. Its application covers every aspect of modern society, for illicit use, including criminal identification and prison security; daily life is mainly used in electronic transactions (Jain, Hong, & Pankanti, 2000). Taking face recognition and fingerprint recognition as examples, this article discusses biometrics technology in China and the applicability of this regulatory policy in Australia from the perspective of the perspective of the advantages and disadvantages of biometrics.
As important high-tech biotechnology in modern society, biometric identification has changed our life to a great extent. The practicability of this technology is mainly reflected in two aspects: efficiency, convenience and safety.
– First of all, many mobile phone apps have biometrics function, such as facial recognition login and transfer function at Commonwealth Bank, which brings great convenience to our life. Also, China’s facial recognition technology is more advanced, and the country has started to introduce offline facial recognition and In vivo detection payment functions. For example, you only need to wipe your face in front of the machine to pay at the supermarket, which is a great convenience for people who often forget their bank cards, without the need for mobile phones and bank cards (CGTN, 2019)
– On the other hand, due to the uniqueness and irreplaceability of facial recognition and fingerprint recognition, the security of users’ funds and information can be guaranteed. Three essential factors, including ID card, fingerprint and face recognition, can be used to guarantee the security of funds when a bank handles a card or a large transfer. If Australia USES fingerprint and ID card for mobile phone card and bank card, it can effectively prevent others from abusing their identity information to forge or fabricate rumours.
However, technology is a double-edged sword. Biometrics have dramatically changed our lives but also brought unexpected consequences, such as accuracy and privacy leaks.
– First of all, the technology of face recognition has achieved great success in China. As a non-immigrant country, China has deeply studied Asian facial features and achieved high accuracy results. Unlike China, Australia is an immigrant country where people of black make up some percentages of the population, and current facial recognition technology is far less accurate in identifying than the other two races. According to the Guardian (Guardian, 2019),current face recognition technology is techno-racism for black people, as it is hard to distinguish black people with the same beard or wearing hoodies. Therefore, in terms of accuracy, in order to avoid some unnecessary troubles and conflicts, there is no need to apply face recognition technology to all aspects of daily life in Australia at this stage.
– Secondly, it is precise because of the unique and immutable nature of biometrics that personal privacy is vulnerable to leakage, even though there is little privacy left in the information age. Unlike passwords, biometrics can not be changed, so once biometrics data is leaked or copied, biometric information cannot be changed, and the security of funds or information will be threatened. Using biometrics to access a cloud-based database carries the risk of identity theft, which can occur at any time without the registered user’s knowledge (Gumaei, Sammouda, Al-Salman, & Alsanad, 2019). A strong database, it must be carefully managed by the government, would provide legal protection and support for personal information, thus improving the problem of privacy leakage. At the same time, privacy breaches can lead to a cascade of reactions, with criminals exploiting legal and online loopholes to gain access to personal information and resell it to third-party companies at high prices. The serious consequences of some third-party companies being able to monitor the situation from time to time should not be underestimated.
Therefore, according to the above discussion on biometrics technology, not implementing full biometrics in Australia at the present stage will have a certain positive impact on ordinary Internet users. For the government, at the present stage, the government can improve the supervision of people’s personal information database, to facilitate the implementation of the biometric policy in the future. For the people, first of all, the interests of individuals can be protected, and there will not be a face mismatch incident due to the immaturity of facial recognition technology. Second, people’s privacy rights can be protected, and personal information is also less likely to be leaked.
In conclusion, I do not think Australia should apply biometric technology to every aspect of daily life at this stage, even though Australia has set up a biometric channel at the airport to identify the passport. However, the large-scale use of China in all aspects of daily life is not rigorous enough for Australia. First of all, because the accuracy of facial recognition technology needs to be improved, there is a certain risk of unrecognizable for a country with diversified species. Secondly, the large-scale use of biometric technology requires rigorous policies and measures to maintain a huge database, and the process is very time-consuming, laborious and rigorous. Before the introduction of specific policies and measures, in order to prevent the leakage of a large number of personal privacy, all aspects of biometric technology may have great risks. Therefore, it is not recommended that Australia uses this regulatory policy at this stage. Finally, there is still a great space for the development of biometric identification technology. Before this technology is fully developed, the government must carefully consider its convenience and disadvantages, and try to protect the confidentially personal information of citizens.
Gumaei, A., Sammouda, R., Al-Salman, A., & Alsanad, A. (2019). Anti-spoofing cloud-based multi-spectral biometric identification system for enterprise security and privacy-preservation.(Report). Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 124, 27.
Guardian. (2019, Augest 17). ‘It’s techno-racism’: Detroit is quietly using facial recognition to make arrests; Critics in the majority-black city point out that the technology is flawed and often misidentifies people of color and women. ([London, England]) Retrieved from Gale Academic OneFile: https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A596654388/AONE?u=usyd&sid=AONE&xid=bb7ae844
Jain, A., Hong, L., & Pankanti, S. (2000). Biometric identification. Communications of the ACM, 43(2), 90-98.
CGTN (Director). (2019). China faces up to new payment technology [Motion Picture].