“Inculcating digital citizenship at Vicenza, Italy, schools” by USAG Italy is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0.
The limitation of platforms
In recent centuries, the Internet has developed most rapidly. However, the prosperity of the Internet also means the emergence of more and more social problems. How to define the content of violence has become a widespread concern. Although people are more eager to maintain the network environment, the definition of violence content on the platform is still unclear Through the critical discourse analysis of the policy documents of the three major platforms (Facebook, Twitter and YouTube), we believe that the narrow definition of harm and violence on the platform is not only insufficient, but also leads these platforms to participate in some form of symbolic violence. In addition, these platforms define injury as a floating signifier, imposing not only the concept of what violence is and how it is expressed, but also the concept of who violence affects. These platforms do not change the design mechanism that causes harm, but reconfigure intentionality and causality in an attempt to prevent users from being “harmful”. Ironically, this will make harm permanent. We put forward some suggestions, that is, the method of dealing with platform damage focusing on restorative justice.
Computer governance ecosystem
In order to make the social platform work safely and orderly, government regulation, co-regulation and self-regulation have all played an outstanding role on the Internet. Today’s platform tends to spontaneously regulate the user’s speech and protect its own interests while reducing the potential security risks of the Internet. On the one hand, there is an increasing number of non-profit websites to protect individual rights and interests, such as Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and numbers (ICANN) and civil society. On the other hand, large social networking sites such as twitter and Facebook do not allow violent scenes to be posted on the website because disturbing content will make advertisers turn to the platform of competitors.
DeCook, J. R., Cotter, K., Kanthawala, S., & Foyle, K. (2022). Safe from “harm”: The governance of violence by platforms. Policy & Internet, 14(1), 63–78. https://doi.org/10.1002/poi3.290
Who Makes the Internet Work: The Internet Ecosystem. (n.d.). Internet Society. https://www.internetsociety.org/internet/who-makes-it-work/